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ICSC - Institute of Catalysis and Surface Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences (Poland)

The Institute is a medium–size public research unit active in the field of physical chemistry of interfacial phenomena and catalysis. Since 1986 one of the research areas has been the investigation of the structure and properties of historic materials, mechanisms of their deterioration, and measures to conserve and protect them. Special emphasis is laid on phenomena occurring at the material surfaces, especially response of historic materials to changes in air parameters in their microenvironment using numerical modelling of climate-induced stress, acoustic emission, laser vibrometry, thermovision. The basic research has been linked to extensive case studies. The Institute coordinated the recent European Commission ROCEM project that has re-established manufacturing and use of Roman cements in conservation practice. ICSC is equipped with state-of-the-art laboratory facilities to carry out the tasks assigned to it within the project including a mercury porosimeter, two vacuum microbalances for measuring adsorption of nitrogen and water vapour, powder X-ray diffractometer and the DTA-TG thermal analyser.

Short profile of the principal investigator of ICSC in the project

Polish Academy of Science
Institute of Catalysis and Surface Chemistry
ul. Niezapominajek 8
30-239 Kraków
Tel: +48126395119
Fax: +48124251923
E-mail: nckozlow@cyf-kr.edu.pl
www.heritagescience.pl; www.ik-pan.krakow.pl

Dr. Roman Kozlowski graduated in chemistry at the Jagiellonian University in Krakow, Poland, in 1970. He received his Ph.D. in 1974 and D.Sc. in 1989 from the same University. In 1974 he joined the staff of the Institute of Catalysis and Surface Chemistry (ICSC), Polish Academy of Sciences, in Krakow. He became Research Fellow at the University of Warwick, U.K., between 1980 – 1983 and since 1986, head of research related to conservation science and protection of cultural heritage at ICSC. Since 1989, associate professor. His research focuses on microclimatic monitoring, elucidating porosity structures of historic materials, and their interaction with moisture. Member of the Working Group 4 ‘Environment’, Technical Committee 346 ‘Conservation of Cultural Heritage’, European Committee for Standardization CEN. He has broad experience as the principal investigator or co-ordinator in several international R&D projects; the most relevant for the proposed project are listed below:
• EC project ENVIART ‘Baroque Artificial Marble – Environmental impacts, degradation and protection’, 1996 – 1998, Contract No ENV 4-CT95-0103
• The EC project ROCEM ‘Roman cement to restore built heritage effectively’, 2003-2005, Contract No EVK4-CT-2002-00084 (Co-ordinator)
• NOAH’S ARK - Global climate change impact on built heritage and cultural landscapes, EC 6FP project, 2004-2007
• Main organizer of the 5th EC Conference ‘Cultural Heritage Research a Pan-European Challenge’ May 16-18, 2002.

Dr. Łukasz BRATASZ
Polish Academy of Science
Institute of Catalysis and Surface Chemistry
ul. Niezapominajek 8
30-239 Kraków
Tel: +48 12 6395 1119
E-mail: ncbratas@cyf-kr.edu.pl

Dr. ŁUKASZ BRATASZ graduated in physics from the Jagiellonian University in Krakow, Poland, in 1996, and received a PhD in 2002 from the same university. In the same year he joined the staff of the Institute of Catalysis and Surface Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences (ICSC PAS), Cracow, where he is a research fellow. Since 2006, he has been a research consultant to the National Museum in Krakow, Poland. His research focuses on microclimatic monitoring, the dimensional response of materials to changes in environmental parameters, computer modelling of environmentally induced physical damage, acoustic emission in wood and mortars. Active member of the CEN Technical Committee 346 ‘Conservation of Cultural Heritage’ and the Conservation Committee of the International Council of Museums ICOM.
Publications particularly relevant to ROCARE include
D.C. Hughes, D. Jaglin, R. Kozlowski, N. Mayr, D. Mucha & J. Weber. (2007). Calcination of marls to produce Roman cement, Journal of the ASTM International, available online at http://journalsip.astm.org/journals/jai/pages/71.htm , 4, 1.
R. Vyskocilova, W. Schwarz, D. Mucha, D.C. Hughes, R. Kozlowski & J. Weber. (2007). Hydration processes in pastes of several natural cements. Journal of the ASTM International, available online at http://journalsip.astm.org/journals/jai/pages/196.htm, 4, 2.
J. Weber, N. Gadermayr, R. Kozlowski, D. Mucha, D.C. Hughes, D. Jaglin & W. Schwarz. (2007) Microstructure and mineral composition of roman cements produced at defined calcination conditions. Mater Charact 58 1217-1228.
D.C. Hughes, D. Jaglin, R. Kozłowski & D. Mucha. (2009) Roman cements – belite cements calcined at low temperature. Cem Concr Res 39 77-89.
R. Tišlova, A. Kozłowska, R. Kozłowski & D.C. Hughes. (2009) Porosity and specific surface area of Roman cement pastes. Cem Concr Res 39 950-956.

Role in the Project

ICSC will be responsible for characterising pore structure of the Roman cement pastes and mortars prepared within WP2 using mercury intrusion porosimetry as a principal technique and determination of the specific surface area as an auxiliary method. Further, ICSC will coordinate all research and field activities aimed at elucidating the compatibility between the various repair materials developed (renders and various thin finish layers) and the historic substrate. The research will focus in particular on minimising the shrinkage cracking which is one of important barriers preventing broader acceptance of Roman cements as a cultural heritage material by the contemporary restoration and construction sector. It will support the Co-ordinator in the organisation and operation of the End-user Advisory Panel. It will work closely with other Polish partners at the coordinated implementation of the local dissemination activities. ICSC will co-ordinate WP3 - Dissemination and marketing.


The ROCARE Manual with Glossary and Standard: Take a look by activating the field on the left side! (Presently avaialble in English and Hungarian)!
Natural Cement and Cementitious Building Materials in the Early 20th Century – Wien/Vienna July-4-2016

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IATCS - Institute of Art and Technology / Conservation Sciecences, University of Applied Arts Vienna