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IATCS - Division of Conservation Sciences at the Institute of Art and Technology, University of Applied Arts Vienna (Austria)
Together with two more divisions, IATCS emerged from the scientific unit of the former Institute of Conservation and Restoration-Technology which had been active in the field of scientific research on cultural heritage since the early 1980s. IATCS has a strong focus on mineral materials in historic sculpture and architecture. One of the main methodological emphases of the expertise lies in the use of microscopic and electron-optical methods in identifying and characterising historic materials as well as features of their deterioration and effects of conservation treatments. In this field, IATCS enjoys a national and international reputation reflected by publications and courses for students of conservation and restoration.
The IATCS has the following adequate equipment to carry out all its research tasks within the proposed project: a stereo microscope with reflected and transmitted light facilities and polarisers, a polarising microscope with reflected and transmitted light facilities, a scanning electron microscope (SEM) with secondary electron (SE) and backscattered electron (BSE) detectors, with alternative function as environmental electron microscope (ESEM) to work at low vacuum conditions, an energy-dispersive X-ray analysis system (EDX) connected to the SEM.
Short profile of the coordinator and the principal investigator of IATCS in the project
ao. Univ.-Prof. Dr. Johannes WEBER
University of Applied Arts Vienna
Institute of Arts and Technology / Conservation Sciences
Prof. Dr. Johannes Weber, Head of IATCS, has a broad experience in the proposed topics, based on 25 years of research and academic training in archaeometric and conservation scientific issues of stone, mortars, mural paintings and related materials of architecture as well as of soluble salts. Prof. Weber received his doctoral degree in petrology/geology in 1983 and has since then continuously worked at the University of Applied Arts Vienna. Following achievement of the grade of a habilitated lecturer at the Faculty of Sciences at the University of Vienna in 2002, he received his professorship at the University of Applied Arts where he continued his main activity in teaching of material sciences and related research. Additionally, he has been in charge of educational tasks both at the Academy of Fine Arts and the University of Vienna. Prof. Weber participated in several international research projects:
• Research project of the Central-European University „The Rescue of Baroque Rock Art by M. Braun at Kuks, CZ“
• EUREKA EU 496 EUROCARE-EUROMARBLE & EU 1382 EUROCARE-EUROPLASTER
• EU-Raphael 97/F/2 „Rendered Facades around 1900 in Europe“
• EU-Raphael-Project “Conservative Maintenance of the Sgraffiti”
• EU-4th FP Project PL950605 ENVIART: “Baroque Artificial Marble – Environmental Impact, Degradation and Protection”
• EU-5th FP Project EVK4-CT-2002-00084 ROCEM: “Roman Cement to Restore Built Heritage Effectively”
Role in the project
The institute will coordinate the project. Its main research work will be determining phase composition and microstructural feature of the clinkers produced within WP1 and mortars produced within WP2 using optical and scanning electron microscopy. These will be related to the known characteristics of historic cements and mortars. It will coordinate the activities of the Advisory Panel of the regulating institutions and work closely with other Austrian partners at the coordinated implementation of all research and dissemination activities.
Publications particularly relevant to ROCARE include (see also Partner 3):
J. Weber (2007). Romanzemente als Fassadenbaustoffe der Gründerzeit, in: Bauinstandsetzen und Bauphysik (J. Gänßmantel & C. Hecht, Hrsg.), WTA-Almanach 2007, p. 539-562, Wien.
J. Weber, et al. (2007) Roman Cement Mortars in Europe’s Architectural Heritage of the 19th Century, J. ASTM Int. 4 (8) Paper ID JAI100667.